The Scottish Declaration of Independence
The Scottish Constitution makes direct reference to the Scots’ Israelite origins!
The medieval Scots were the first nation to adopt a written Constitution in 1320. It was called the ‘Declaration of Arbroath’, after the town where it was signed. It was by this same charter that the enlightened Scots adopted the format of a Constitutional Monarchy, which was not only the first in Europe, but possibly also the first in the world. The Scottish Declaration of Independence drawn up in 1320 by Bernard de Linton, and attested by all the Scottish nobles including King Robert de Bruce, made direct reference to the Scots’ Israelite origins. In a political climate where England was constantly trying to subjugate the Scots, the Scottish king sent a written appeal to Pope John XXII in Rome. The letter read as follows:
“Most Holy Father and Lord, we know and from the chronicles and books of the ancients we find that among other famous nations our own, the Scots, has been graced with widespread renown. They journeyed from Greater Scythia by way of the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Pillars of Hercules, and dwelt for a long course of time in Spain among the most savage tribes, but nowhere could they be subdued by any race, however barbarous. Thence they came, twelve hundred years after the people of Israel crossed the Red Sea, to their home in the west where they still live today. The Britons they first drove out, the Picts they utterly destroyed, and, even though very often assailed by the Norwegians, the Danes and the English, they took possession of that home with many victories and untold efforts; and, as the historians of old time bear witness, they have held it free of all bondage ever since. In their kingdom there have reigned one hundred and thirteen kings of their own royal stock, the line unbroken a single foreigner.”
Here we have a Scottish king making direct reference in an official State document to the Israelite origin of the Scottish people. Notice he equates his people as being the descendants of the people of Israel who crossed the Red Sea. Most scholars have interpreted this as a direct reference to the “Exodus” of the Twelve Tribes of Israel from Egypt under the leadership of Moses. According to many Christian and Jewish scholars, the Exodus of the tribes of Israel from their slavery and bondage in Egypt took place in approximately the year 1453 B.C. in our Gregorian calendar.
Allowing for a margin of ten years either side. This means that if this is indeed the Exodus of the Twelve Tribes of Israel King Robert was referring to, his Scottish ancestors must have arrived to colonise Scotland some 1200 years after their exodus from Egypt, e.g. in 253 B.C. The problem is that this does not appear to tie-in with the known history of Scotland. Scottish history shows that the Scythian tribes in question did not arrive until some 750 years later, namely in around 500 A.D. This presents us with an apparent dilemma! It was not until the late 5th Century that the ‘Scots’ departed from their home in Ireland crossing the Irish Sea to settle in the West of Scotland from whence they proceeded to subdue the war-like Picts and the other tribes. Notice that King Robert Bruce in the declaration does not specifically refer to Scotland, but instead he speaks of the Scots coming to their home in the West. It appears that the authors of the Declaration of Arbroath were not measuring the 1200 years after the people of Israel crossed the Red Sea to the time of their arrival in Scotland, but rather to the time of their arrival in the West, as the Declaration states, “where they still live today!” This may explain the apparent anomaly.
Nevertheless, the fact that one of the greatest Kings of Scotland dated the arrival of his ancestors from an event in the history of ancient Israel surely must be considered as highly significant. In setting their hands to this document, King Robert de Bruce and his thirty Barons clearly confirmed that they considered themselves to be Israelites, the Hebrew descendants of Abraham.
The original document of the Scottish Declaration of Independence has been preserved for nearly 700 years, and is currently kept at Register House in Edinburgh. The hand of King Robert de Bruce signed this historic document bearing the seals of all the Scottish barons of the day. A copy of Robert de Bruce’s letter to Pope John XXII is also kept at Register House.
The Scottish Declaration of Arbroath carried the seals thirty nine high ranking nobles comprising eight Earls and thirty one Barons, as well as the Royal Seal of King Robert de Bruce. This document provides absolute proof of the people of Scotland being the descendants of the ancient Israelites.
(The Scottish Declaration of Independance)
(The Royal Arms of Scotland)
Ancient Irish history also confirms her Israelite origins in numerous references, which were commented upon by secular historians such as Vincenzio Galilei, who was the father of the famous astronomer Galileo. He wrote that the Irish believed that they had descended from King David of Israel, and that this was why they used a harp as their symbol – the harp being the recognised emblem of King David of Israel. We see evidence of this even today, as the emblem of the ‘Harp of David’ is proudly displayed on every bottle of Guinness, Ireland’s most famous dark brown beer.
The Celts of Britain referred to themselves as Hebrews
Another significant historic signpost is to be found in the early Celts of Britain who did not refer to themselves as Celts at all. The early Celtic settlers of Britain and Ireland came from Spain. They called themselves Iberi or Hebrews. Greek historians such as Ptolemy and others have confirmed this by documenting this fact in their works. In Hebrew the word for a Hebrew is ibri: notice how closely iberi resembles ibri. Why would these ancient Celtic people refer to themselves as Hebrews, if they were not the descendants of Abraham, the father of all Hebrews?
Gildas, a 4th Century Celtic historian wrote in 540 A.D. that the British Celts were “Truly Israel of the Exodus.” He was a Celtic Christian monk who was horrified to witness the successive invasions by the pagan Angles, Jutes, and Saxons. He saw these calamities coming upon the ‘sinful’ Celtic people as a judgement from God, and he upbraided and rebuked the people of his day. He used biblical expressions, and several times he addressed the Celtic princes as The Lost Ten Tribes of Israel. Little did he know that those invading hordes of Angles, Jutes, and Saxons were themselves further migrations of Israelite tribes being drawn by a Divine Hand into those same Island shores?
(Seal of King Robert de Bruce)