The Woman at Jacobs Well

 

A Samaritan Woman meets her Messiah

Once again we find a somewhat baffling account in the ministry of our Messiah that cries out for clarification. After all, did not Yeshua Himself specifically instruct His disciples NOT to go to the Gentiles and NOT to enter a city of the Samaritans? (Matthew 10:5). We might ask also, what is He doing talking to a woman who has had five husbands and who is currently living in sin with number six? We might also question why He saw fit to disregard the age old convention that Jews do not speak or have fellowship with Samaritans? Why was He friendly with this particular woman when he ignored the Syro-Phoenecian woman who pleaded with Him about her daughter? (Matthew 15:21-26). Why was nearly the whole of chapter four of the Gospel of John devoted to this particular woman? Might there conceivably lie some hidden symbolic meaning behind this woman at Jacob’s well?

All of these questions may be answered by applying what we have already learned thus far about those lost sheep of the house of Israel, which Yeshua (Jesus) had come to redeem. It is important to notice the territorial connection here, as Yeshua had left Judea on His way to go to Galilee, which meant that He needed to go through Samaria. Both Samaria and the Galilee formed part of the former territory of the Northern Kingdom of Israel. It is interesting to note that virtually all of His twelve disciples came from the Galilee area also, and that most of His ministry time was spent in that area. A further significant pointer is that He came to a halt in Shechem, near the plot of ground that the Patriarch Jacob gave to his son Joseph. Furthermore, Shechem is located in the mountains of Ephraim. (Joshua 20:7). Therefore the place itself had a very special meaning for those of the house of Israel. Let us now look at the actual account of what happened after Yeshua had sent all of His twelve disciples away to purchase food:

So He came to a city of Samaria which is called Sychar (Shechem), near the plot of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. Now Jacob’s well was there. Jesus therefore being wearied from His journey, sat thus by the well. It was about the sixth hour. A woman of Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, “Give Me a drink.” For His disciples had gone away into the city to buy food. Then the woman of Samaria said to Him, “How is it that You, being a Jew, ask a drink from me, a Samaritan woman?” For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans. Jesus answered and said to her, “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who says to you, ‘Give Me a drink,’ you would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water.” The woman said to Him, “Sir, You have nothing to draw with, and the well is deep. Where then do You get that living water? Are You greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank from it himself, as well as his sons and his livestock?” Jesus answered and said to her, “Whoever drinks of this water will thirst again, “but whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him will never thirst. But the water that I shall give him will become in him a fountain of water springing up into everlasting life.” The woman said to him, “Sir, give me this water, that I may not thirst, nor come here to draw.” Jesus said to her, “Go call your husband, and come here.” The woman answered and said, “I have no husband.” Jesus said to her, “You have well said, ‘I have no husband,’ “for you have had five husbands, and the one whom you now have is not your husband; in that you spoke truly.

(John 4:5-18, NKJV)

Here we see Yeshua (Jesus) coming to Shechem, the capital of Samaria. He comes to Jacob’s well in the land that Jacob gave to Joseph. Can we not see that all of this has a much deeper meaning than might be apparent at first reading? So, what does it all mean? The Samaritan woman, is a picture of us (Christians) coming out to that ancient well for the wisdom of the Hebrews. Yeshua asks her to serve Him, and her desire is to do just that; so she gives Him water. She then observes by His clothes and His speech that He is a Jew, not a Gentile like her. She then expresses her surprise at Him being prepared to have a discussion with her, as she states: ‘For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.’ Does this statement not remind us of the Parable of the Prodigal Son? (See: Chapter Three). Remember, Judah, the other son, wanted nothing to do with his long lost brother, who used to live in Samaria.

She thus is speaking to Him about this wall of separation between her kind and His. He then tells her of the “gift,” that can only come through Him to those who thirst and wish to thirst no more. He is speaking about people who, hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be filled (as mentioned in Matthew 5:6). Of course, this story is well known, but perhaps we have not understood that it is all about us. Yeshua, then tests her by asking her to bring her husband and she says that she has no husband. He acknowledges that she has answered truthfully. The message here is that if we, much like those lost sheep of the house of Israel, are walking in breach of the Covenant of our Father in Heaven, by breaking His righteous commandments, we too indeed have no husband.

Yeshua (Jesus) then goes on to speak about her “five former husbands,” that she once was married to, as she was once married to the “Five Books of Moses,” the Torah. Now she lives in idolatry/adultery, having no husband, no covering and no redemption. In this He was affirming her ancestry, as a daughter of the Covenant, and the offspring of Jacob. Her fathers at one time on that awesome day had stood at the foot of Mount Sinai and they, together with all the other men of the tribes of Israel, had responded of one accord to the Law of Moses with: “All that the LORD has spoken we will do.” (Exodus 19:3-8). All twelve tribes descended from the twelve sons of Jacob/Israel formally accepted the covenant, not once, not twice, but THREE TIMES, as they stood before the smoking Mountain. In accepting the Covenant her ancestral fathers had spoken for all of their descendants, as the Covenant of Sinai was made with the whole nation of Israel i.e. all Twelve Tribes. The promise of the Eternal Creator to His ‘chosen’ nation Israel was couched in the most absolute terms:

Now therefore, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people; for all the earth is Mine. And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.

(Exodus 19:5-6, NKJV)

They were to become a kingdom of priests – the word priest or (Hebrew: kohanim) in the context means that the entire nation of Israel is to be dedicated to leading other nations towards an understanding and acceptance of Torah. In other words Israel is given a divine mission. They are to become a holy nation, that is a people set apart from the rest of the world. The Covenant YHVH, the Holy One of Israel, made with the children of Israel (all twelve tribes), was in effect a marriage covenant. When the ten tribes rebelled against the house of David and set up their own nation they broke this Divine Marriage Contract, in that they turned their backs on the God of Israel, and went headlong into idolatry by worshipping other gods. This is why Yeshua spoke to this Samaritan woman about her five former husbands, and He did this in an allegorical reference to the Five Books of Moses, which constituted the terms of Israel’s Divine Marriage Contract with YHVH, commonly referred to as the Old Covenant.

The reason Yeshua addressed this woman was because he recognised her as being one of those lost sheep of Israel that He had come to save. In this case He did not refuse to speak to her, as he did to the Syro-Phoenecian woman from Canaan, who was pleading for help for her daughter in Matthew 15:22-28. In contrast Yeshua was much friendlier with this woman at Jacob’s well in Samaria. Neither did He rely on the excuse that Jews had no dealings with Samaritans. Clearly, He invested His precious time with this woman because He recognised that she was one of those ‘lost sheep of Israel’ that His Father had sent Him to save.

The Woman at Jacob’s Well is a Symbol of the Body of Messiah

What was also remarkable was that He had started the conversation, much to the amazement of His disciples (verse 27). We have seen that the city of Shechem, the area of Samaria, and in particular Jacob’s well, all held special significance for those lost sheep of the house of Israel. Could it be that this woman at Jacob’s well signifies something more than just a chance encounter between her and Yeshua, our Saviour? In the Bible a woman is often used as a symbol of Israel. Might this woman at Jacob’s well perchance represent an allegorical type of the whole of the ten tribes which had departed from His Father’s Covenant with the nation of Israel? We find considerable evidence in the Scriptures that this may well be the case. The prophet Jeremiah states: “I have likened the daughter of Zion to a comely and delicate woman.” (Jeremiah 6:2).

The Prophet also, in a reference to the spotless Bride of Messiah, composed of the redeemed remnant of Israel writes:

Turn back, O virgin of Israel, Turn back to these your cities. How long will you gad about, O you backsliding daughter? For the LORD has created a new thing in the earth – a woman shall encompass a man.

(Jeremiah 31:21b-22, NKJV)

The woman doing the pursuing is Israel, whilst the man being encompassed is Messiah Yeshua, the Redeemer and Saviour of Israel. Thus the idea that this woman at Jacob’s well is an allegorical symbol of the redeemed remnant of the lost house of Israel may not be that far fetched. We find further powerful confirmation of this allegory in the Book of Revelation:

Now a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a garland of twelve stars.

(Revelation 12:1, NKJV)

Then in verse 6, this same woman had to flee:

 

Then the woman fled into the wilderness, where she had a place prepared by God, that they should feed her there one thousand two hundred and sixty days.

(Revelation 12:6, NKJV).

Thus for three and a half years this woman will be protected in her place of safety, however, the enemy will then make war on her set apart offspring, who, will stand out in this sin-sick world like a sore thumb, in that they are recognised by something they do:

And the dragon was enraged with the woman, and he went to make war with the rest of her offspring (many in the Christian Church) who KEEP THE COMMANDMENTS OF GOD and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.

(Revelation 12:17, NKJV, emphasis & comment added)

People who keep the Commandments of God will always be persecuted because mankind at heart is rebellious and does not want to submit or comply. Man is a lawless creature who does not wish to be reminded of the Commandments of God and tends to despise the people who do observe them, simply because they put him in a bad light. Man does not wish to choose the Tree of Life, as man rather chooses the Tree of Human Experimentation.

The woman at Jacob’s well clearly signifies more than just an incident in the life of our Savior. Yeshua’s contact with her patently is intended to convey a most important message to the house of Israel, as may also be gleaned from the remarkable amount of space devoted to the incident, namely some 42 verses in John chapter four. As Yeshua continues His discussion with the Samaritan woman He tells her that she does not know what she is worshiping and then He tells her about His ‘gift’ and refers indirectly to the Renewal of the Old Covenant.

The woman said to Him, “Sir, I perceive that You are a prophet. “Our fathers worshiped on this mountain (Mount Gerizim, the Biblical Mount of Blessing), and you Jews say that in Jerusalem is the place where one ought to worship.” Jesus said to her, “Woman, believe Me, the hour is coming when you will neither on this mountain, nor in Jerusalem, worship the Father. “You worship what you do not know; we know what we worship, FOR SALVATION IS OF THE JEWS. “But the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for the Father is seeking such to worship Him. God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship Him in spirit and truth.” (John 4:19-24, NKJV, emphasis added).

Much of the Church is like this woman, as they too have worshiped that which they do not know. Like this woman, they too have rejected the Five Books of Moses, which contain the Terms of the Divine Marriage Covenant. Like this woman much of the Church also once had five husbands and is currently unmarried and living in sin. When Yeshua said, Salvation is of the Jews, He is not speaking of Judaism today. He is speaking of Himself as the Jewish Messiah of Israel, who is leading His ‘lost sheep’ to return to a ‘Renewed’ Covenant through Spirit led and Torah based worship, which acknowledges Yeshua as their Messiah.

Source: American Colony

Yeshua, came to the parcel of ground that Jacob

gave to his son Joseph where Jacob’s well now stands

On the 3rd of May, 1894, the artist reached this place. Here the

Conversation took place between Yeshua and the woman of Samaria.

The well is now seventy-five feet deep and seven feet six inches in breadth

The diameter of the opening is seventeen and a half feet. The ruined vault stands

above the well twenty feet long, ten feet broad and six feet high.

Source: Earthly footsteps of the Man of Gallilee.

The Old Covenant is ‘Renewed!’

We need to keep in mind that the Old Covenant is a National Covenant which God made with the Nation of Israel. The Old Covenant was and still is a National Covenant which YHVH, the GOD of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, covenanted with the children of Israel at Mount Sinai, when Israel was first established as a Nation on the Day of Pentecost (Shavuot in Hebrew). The fact that the Old Covenant had to be ‘Renewed’ does not take away the fundamental issue that it still is a National Covenant with the Nation of Israel. For example, if one has an old vintage car, which because of age needs a refit and some restoration, once the work has been carried out, it would still be the same old car. It may have been resprayed and given a fresh color, you may have added some new features, whilst servicing the engine, but it is still the same old car. So it is also with the Old Covenant. The idea that there are two covenants does not tie in with the Scriptures. The Apostle Paul makes this clear as he quotes directly from the Old Covenant/Testament Book of Jeremiah:

I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah – “not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they did not continue in My covenant, and I disregarded them, says the LORD.

(Hebrews 8:8, NKJV)

Note that the text speaks of a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah. This shows that the new covenant is still a National Covenant i.e. it only involves Israel. No other nation or people are mentioned. The Scripture also shows the reason why the Old Covenant had to be made anew, because they had disregarded the covenant and Israel was cut off and removed from the Land of Promise. The Old Covenant was not faultless, because no matter how religiously people observed the terms, as written in the Torah contract, it alone could not provide eternal salvation which was first offered to man in the Garden of Eden through the Tree of Life.

Many Bible teachers maintain that the sign of the New/Renewed Covenant is the giving of the Holy Spirit, which fell on the disciples of Yeshua on the Day of Pentecost. However, Yeshua appears to contradict this premise, as when He was gathered with His twelve disciples on the night before the Passover, He said to them:

“For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.” (Matthew 26:28, NKJV). At the Jewish Passover Seder it is called, the Cup of Redemption, and it is the Third Cup of the Passover Seder.

The content of this Renewed Covenant is confirmed by the Apostle Paul, as he once again repeats the prophetic words of the Prophet Jeremiah:

For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD: I will put My laws in their mind and write them on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be MY people.

(Hebrews 8:10, NKJV)

Notice, this new or renewed covenant is made with the house of Israel! It is still a National Covenant with His chosen nation. Then YHVH says, ‘I will put My laws in their mind and write them on their hearts!’ What laws are these? How many sets of laws does the God of Israel have? Clearly, those laws are the same laws or instructions we find in the Old Covenant, only this time He is going to put His laws in their minds and write them on their hearts. How does He do it? He does it through the gift of His Holy Spirit.

The Prophet Jeremiah includes a key phrase in his prophetic statement, which the Apostle Paul omitted Hebrews 8:8. It reads as follows:

to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was A HUSBAND TO THEM, says the LORD.

(Jeremiah 31:32b, NKJV, emphasis added)

Once again we discover that the Covenant God had with Israel was a marriage covenant! Can we also not discern from both of these texts above how much YHVH, the Holy and Eternal God of Israel yearns to have a relationship with His people? However, His terms are contained in those Five Books of Moses and the relationship can only blossom and grow through obedience. Logic alone should tell us that it would not be possible for us to be at one with our Father in Heaven if we wilfully refuse to live by His standards! The Apostle Paul in addressing the community of believers in Ephesus speaks about the bride of Messiah:

That He might present her to Himself a glorious church (BRIDE), not having spot or wrinkle or any such thing, but that she should be holy and without blemish.

(Ephesians 5:27, NKJV, emphasis added)

Both the Apostle Paul and the Prophet Jeremiah are of one mind, as they are speaking of a time when the much heralded reunification of the Two Houses of Israel finally takes place. This is also where the heart of YHVH, the Holy One of Israel, is right now, because this restoration has to take place before His Kingdom can be established upon the earth. This is the time when our King Messiah Yeshua, shall marry His spotless bride. Paul speaks about this more than once, as he has devoted three whole chapters to this very same subject in his letter to the Romans. His words can best be summarised by:

And so ALL Israel will be saved,” as it is written: “The deliverer will come out of Zion, and He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob. For this is my covenant with them, when I take away their sins.

(Romans 11:26-27, NKJV, emphasis added)

Paul is speaking here about a yet future time when all the sons of Jacob, that is to say, all of the tribes of Israel, will be back together in one nation over which Yeshua, the Son of David, is destined to reign, as King of kings and Lord of lords.

This is the glorious news of the Kingdom of God! According to Strong’s Concordance of the Bible, the New Testament alone contains some 155 references to the Kingdom, the Kingdom of God or the Kingdom of heaven. As we have seen many of the parables and miracles of Yeshua are about that same Kingdom over which He is going to ultimately rule. Why is it that so many in the Church have not understood the Mysteries of the Kingdom? Why have they not understood that all of it is about Israel?

For further reading on this subject, please purchase a copy of:


Christians & Jews -- The TWO FACES OF ISRAEL

 

by Stephen J. Spykerman

Here we see Yeshua (Jesus) coming to Shechem, the capital of Samaria. He comes to Jacob’s well in the land that Jacob gave to Joseph. Can we not see that all of this has a much deeper meaning than might be apparent at first reading? So, what does it all mean? The Samaritan woman, is a picture of us (Christians) coming out to that ancient well for the wisdom of the Hebrews. Yeshua asks her to serve Him, and her desire is to do just that; so she gives Him water. She then observes by His clothes and His speech that He is a Jew, not a Gentile like her. She then expresses her surprise at Him being prepared to have a discussion with her, as she states: ‘For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.’ Does this statement not remind us of the Parable of the Prodigal Son? (See: Chapter Three). Remember, Judah, the other son, wanted nothing to do with his long lost brother, who used to live in Samaria.

She thus is speaking to Him about this wall of separation between her kind and His. He then tells her of the “gift,” that can only come through Him to those who thirst and wish to thirst no more. He is speaking about people who, hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be filled (as mentioned in Matthew 5:6). Of course, this story is well known, but perhaps we have not understood that it is all about us. Yeshua, then tests her by asking her to bring her husband and she says that she has no husband. He acknowledges that she has answered truthfully. The message here is that if we, much like those lost sheep of the house of Israel, are walking in breach of the Covenant of our Father in Heaven, by breaking His righteous commandments, we too indeed have no husband.

Yeshua (Jesus) then goes on to speak about her “five former husbands,” that she once was married to, as she was once married to the “Five Books of Moses,” the Torah. Now she lives in idolatry/adultery, having no husband, no covering and no redemption. In this He was affirming her ancestry, as a daughter of the Covenant, and the offspring of Jacob. Her fathers at one time on that awesome day had stood at the foot of Mount Sinai and they, together with all the other men of the tribes of Israel, had responded of one accord to the Law of Moses with: “All that the LORD has spoken we will do.” (Exodus 19:3-8). All twelve tribes descended from the twelve sons of Jacob/Israel formally accepted the covenant, not once, not twice, but THREE TIMES, as they stood before the smoking Mountain. In accepting the Covenant her ancestral fathers had spoken for all of their descendants, as the Covenant of Sinai was made with the whole nation of Israel i.e. all Twelve Tribes. The promise of the Eternal Creator to His ‘chosen’ nation Israel was couched in the most absolute terms:

Now therefore, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people; for all the earth is Mine. And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.

(Exodus 19:5-6, NKJV)

They were to become a kingdom of priests – the word priest or (Hebrew: kohanim) in the context means that the entire nation of Israel is to be dedicated to leading other nations towards an understanding and acceptance of Torah. In other words Israel is given a divine mission. They are to become a holy nation, that is a people set apart from the rest of the world. The Covenant YHVH, the Holy One of Israel, made with the children of Israel (all twelve tribes), was in effect a marriage covenant. When the ten tribes rebelled against the house of David and set up their own nation they broke this Divine Marriage Contract, in that they turned their backs on the God of Israel, and went headlong into idolatry by worshipping other gods. This is why Yeshua spoke to this Samaritan woman about her five former husbands, and He did this in an allegorical reference to the Five Books of Moses, which constituted the terms of Israel’s Divine Marriage Contract with YHVH, commonly referred to as the Old Covenant.

The reason Yeshua addressed this woman was because he recognised her as being one of those lost sheep of Israel that He had come to save. In this case He did not refuse to speak to her, as he did to the Syro-Phoenecian woman from Canaan, who was pleading for help for her daughter in Matthew 15:22-28. In contrast Yeshua was much friendlier with this woman at Jacob’s well in Samaria. Neither did He rely on the excuse that Jews had no dealings with Samaritans. Clearly, He invested His precious time with this woman because He recognised that she was one of those ‘lost sheep of Israel’ that His Father had sent Him to save.

George Washington's Prophetic Vision - F